Predictive value of CA 19-9 in patients with pancreatic tumours

Predictive value of CA 19-9 in patients with pancreatic tumours

  • Faiza Abrar Services institute of medical sciences
  • Adnan Riaz post graduate medical institute, lahore
  • Kaukab Sultana
  • Tariq Feroz Khawaja
Keywords: Pancreatic tumour, CA 19-9, Sensitivity, Specificity

Abstract

Background: Pancreatic carcinoma is a disease with high modality and has a high incidence of recurrence after surgical resection. The prognosis depends on early diagnosis and treatment. Numerous international studies have reported use of CA 19-9 in diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. We planned this study to validate role of CA 19-9 in our local population. The objective of this study is to correlate raised serum CA 19-9 levels in patients with pancreatic tumours to distinguish between benign and malignant pancreatic disease.

Subjects and methods: The present study is a validation study. Thirty-five patients with diagnosis of pancreatic tumor on radiological imaging were included after their informed consent. Data collection forms were filled, blood samples were taken and serum CA 19-9 was estimated by ELISA in Biochemistry department, SIMS. Histopathology samples were collected at time of surgical resection, sent to pathology departments of respective hospitals and histopathological reports collected. All data was collected and analysed by using descriptive method. The study was conducted in Biochemistry department of PGMI and SIMS, Lahore from May 2015 till June 2016.

Results: Out of 35 patients, nineteen (54.3%) were female and sixteen (45.7%) were male. Thirty [85.7%] patients were between third to seventh decades of their life. The mean age range around 47.28. Thirty-four patients had malignant tumor and 1 benign on histopathology. CA 19-9 was raised (>37 U/ml) in 33 out of 34 patients with malignant pathology. The patient with benign pathology had CA 19-9 level <37U/ml (the cut off value). Head of pancreas was the commonest site in 32 patients (65%) for tumour occurrence. Total 28 (82%) patients had adenocarcinoma as the histological type of pancreatic tumour. Cholangiocarcinoma in Periampullary region of pancreas was second in frequency, 4 patients (12%). CA 19-9 shows sensitivity of 97% and specificity of 100% to diagnose carcinoma of pancreas in patients with pancreatic tumour. CA 19-9 has 100% positive predictive value to diagnose benign tumour and 50% negative predictive value to diagnose malignant tumours.

Conclusion: Raised levels of CA 19-9 has an important role in diagnosis of patients with pancreatic tumour to differentiate between benign and malignant pathology.

Published
2020-07-13