Effect of Phloroglucinol on Active Phase of First Stage of Labour

  • ZMA HUSSAIN, ASIA PARVEEN, ASMA MALIK, RAKHSHANDA REHMAN
Keywords: Active phase, first stage of labour, phloroglucinol.

Abstract

Introduction: The problems and hazards of prolonged labour for both mother and fetus have been recognized for many years. The mother is exposed to high risk of infections, ketosis and obstructed labour while fetus faces the danger of infection, asphyxia and excessive cranial moulding.

Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the mean duration of active phase of first stage of labour in primigravida with and without phloroglucinol at term.

Study Design: Double blind randomized controlled trial.

Setting: This study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology Unit-1, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore.

Duration with Dates: Six months from 01-01-2010 to 30-06-2010.

Subjects and Methods: A total of 200 primigravidas at term in active phase of first stage of labour were selected for this study. One group was given phloroglucinol at 0, ½ hour, 1 hour, 1½ hour interval 40mg intravenous (I/V) and other group was not given phloroglucinol and effects were recorded on predesigned proforma. All data pertaining to labour events, outcome that was measured in duration of first stage of labour were recorded on questionnaire.

Results: The mean age of the patients in phloroglucinol group was 26.1±2.6 years and in control group was 26.2±3.3 years. The mean weight of the patients in phloroglucinol group was 70.1±4.9 kg and in control group was 69.7±3.9 kg. The mean duration of pregnancy of the patients in phloroglucinol group was 38.4±1.4 weeks and in control group was 38.4±1.4 weeks. The mean duration of active phase of first stage of labour labour of the patients in phloroglucinol group was 282.8±23.4 minutes and in control group was 410.6±66.8 minutes.

Conclusion: It is concluded from this study that duration of active phage of first stage of labour is significantly shorter in patients given phloroglucinol than those who not given phloroglucinol.

Published
2018-11-28
How to Cite
1.
ASMA MALIK, RAKHSHANDA REHMAN ZHAP. Effect of Phloroglucinol on Active Phase of First Stage of Labour. J Fatima Jinnah Med Univ [Internet]. 28Nov.2018 [cited 25May2022];5(2). Available from: https://jfjmu.com/index.php/ojs/article/view/270