Assessment of knowledge related to COVID-19 among professionals and students: A cross-sectional study from Punjab, Pakistan

  • Ali Hashim Zubair AMC/PGMI/LGH
  • Abubakar Shah AMC/PGMI/LGH
  • Muhammad Junaid Tahir AMC/PGMI/LGH
  • Muna Malik Assistant Professor of Pathology, AMC/PGMI/LGH
  • Muhammad Irfan Malik Associate professor of Pulmonology, AMC/PGMI/LGH
  • Ayesha Sajjad Amna Anayat Medical College Lahore
  • Sardar Muhammad AL Fareed Zafar AMC/PGMI/LGH
Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-CoV2, Pandemic, Pakistan, Awareness, Knowledge

Abstract

Background: COVID-19 outbreak posed a serious threat to public health and greatly impacted the life of professionals and students. Hence, this study aimed to evaluate the knowledge related to COVID-19 during a lockdown in Punjab, Pakistan.

Subjects and methods: This cross-sectional online study recruited 833 participants (males=417, females=416) from major cities (Lahore, Islamabad, Rawalpindi, Gujranwala, Bahawalpur, Faisalabad, and Sialkot) in Punjab, Pakistan, during the months of March and April 2020.  A pre-designed questionnaire was shared, among professionals (including pharmacists, paramedical staff, lawyers, businessmen, teachers) and students (including medical undergraduate and postgraduate students, and non-medical students), containing 12 questions regarding their knowledge of COVID-19. Data were collected using convenient sampling technique. Chi-square test and logistic regression model were applied for analysis using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 23 years ranged from 15-68 years. Of the 833 participants, 365 (43.8%) were well aware, 405 (48.6%) were aware and only 63 (7.6%) were not aware of COVID-19. Most of the participants (69.4%) did not know about coronaviruses (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus and Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus) before this pandemic. Using logistic regression analysis, age above 24 years, being a student (vs. being a professional) and a prior knowledge about coronavirus resulted in having higher odds of knowledge about COVID-19 with a significant p-value (<0.05).

Conclusion: This study identifies that the majority of the participants had necessary knowledge about transmission, preventive measures and basic hygiene about COVID-19. However, there is a need to improve knowledge among the younger population and professionals.

Author Biographies

Ali Hashim Zubair, AMC/PGMI/LGH

Final year MBBS student at Ameer uddin Medical College, Lahore

Abubakar Shah, AMC/PGMI/LGH

Final year MBBS student Ameer uddin Medical College, Lahore

Muhammad Junaid Tahir, AMC/PGMI/LGH

Final year MBBS student, Ameer uddin Medical College Lahore

Muhammad Irfan Malik, Associate professor of Pulmonology, AMC/PGMI/LGH

Associate Professor Of Pulmonology, AMC/PGMI/LGH

Focal Person of COVID-19 LGH

Ayesha Sajjad, Amna Anayat Medical College Lahore

Assistant professor of Pathology.

Sardar Muhammad AL Fareed Zafar, AMC/PGMI/LGH

Principal of Ameer udddin Medical college/ Post Graduate Medical Institte Lahore, 

Published
2021-03-15
How to Cite
1.
Zubair A, Shah A, Tahir M, Malik M, Malik M, Sajjad A, AL Fareed Zafar S. Assessment of knowledge related to COVID-19 among professionals and students: A cross-sectional study from Punjab, Pakistan. JFJMU [Internet]. 15Mar.2021 [cited 7Dec.2021];15(1):3-. Available from: https://jfjmu.com/index.php/ojs/article/view/761