Hypocalcaemia in Postoperative Patients Following Total Thyroidectomy
Introduction: Hypocalcaemia is one of the most common and severe complication seen in patients after total thyroidectomy. Reported incidence of hypocalcaemia is 20-30%. Multiple factors are enlisted causing post-operative hypocalcaemia. This study evaluated the occurrence of hypocalcaemia in patients after total thyroidectomy.
Objectives: To identify the frequency of hypocalcaemia and the factors leading to Hypocalcaemia in
Patients undergoing total thyroidectomy
Study Design: Descriptive Case Series
Place & Duration: we conduct this study in surgical department of Sir Ganga Ram Hospital, Lahore
From March, 2014 to February, 2016
Methodology: All Patients with total thyroidectomy and were above 15years were included in our study
There routine investigation and serum calcium level were done pre operatively and postoperatively serum
calcium level checked after 6,12,24,and 36hours .
Results: Out of 200 patients, Hypocalcaemia occurred in 102 patients. 62 (60.78%) patient developed
hypocalcaemia after first 24 hours while by that time total 86 (84.31%) patient had developed
Conclusion: Frequency of hypocalcaemia after total thyroidectomy was 51%, with most cases found to be
hypocalcaemia after first 24 hours emphasizing the significance of Serum Calcium level during that period.
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