Identification of genetic variant in the low density lipoprotein receptor gene causing familial hypercholesterolemia

  • Amber Hassan University of Lahore
  • Sadia Khan The University of Lahore
  • Riffat Mehboob The University of the Lahore
  • Syed Amir Gilani The University of the Lahore
  • Maryam Altaf The University of the Lahore
  • Fridoon Jawad Ahmad King Edward Medical University, Lahore
  • Humaira Waseem The University of the Lahore
  • Riffat Rehman The University of the Lahore
Keywords: Hypercholesterolemia, LDLR, Mutations

Abstract

Background: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an autosomal-dominant genetic disorder characterized by mutation in three known genes. High serum low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels results in the excess deposition of cholesterol in the tissues leading to atherosclerosis and great possibility of premature coronary heart diseases. The most common genetic aberration is seen in low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) gene located on chromosome 19. The ApoE, ApoB, LDLR and LPL genes are associated with lipid metabolism. Current study aimed to characterize the Exon 4 of the LDLR gene in Familial Hypercholesterolemia.
Materials and methods: After clinical evaluation, 20 samples were collected under sterile conditions from patients of different hospitals of Lahore having history of familial hypercholesterolemia and myocardial infarction. Organic method for DNA extraction was used. Primers were designed for LDLR Exon 4 and amplification of the Exon was carried out.
Results: The mean age of the patients was 47.6 years. All of the patients were tested for their lipid profile. The results indicate a mean total cholesterol of 356.3 mg/dl, LDL cholesterol of 251.1mg/dl, HDL cholesterol of 60.2mg/dl and triglycerides of 204.2 mg/dl. The genomic DNA was extracted from all 20 blood samples and was detected through agarose gel electrophoresis. A single band of 470bp with maximum concentration was obtained at 61oC. No SNPs were detected in the amplified regions of the exon 4 of LDLR gene in the selected samples. 
Conclusions: The current stud conclude that the early identification allows the individuals changes in lifestyle that includes dietary intervention, followed by drug treatment. This study will help the early detection and treatment of such cases and may ultimately reduce the incidence of mortality due to myocardial infarction.

Author Biographies

Amber Hassan, University of Lahore

Senior Lecturer, Research Unit, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences

Riffat Mehboob, The University of the Lahore

Professor, University Institute of Physical Therapy

Syed Amir Gilani, The University of the Lahore

Professor, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences

Maryam Altaf, The University of the Lahore

Senior Lecturer, Research Unit, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences

Fridoon Jawad Ahmad, King Edward Medical University, Lahore

Professor, Biomedical Sciences

Humaira Waseem, The University of the Lahore

Department of Health Professional Technologies

Riffat Rehman, The University of the Lahore

Lecturer, University Institute of Radiology Research Section

Published
2019-11-16